World News: DaimlerChrysler verifies Car-2-X Communication test results

World News:  DaimlerChrysler verifies Car-2-X Communication test results

DaimlerChrysler has successfully verified the technology that enables cars to warn each other of impending danger that may be out of the driver’s line of vision.

During the course of a field test conducted at the conclusion of the WILLWARN (Wireless Local Danger Warning) European research project, five vehicles equipped with WLAN-based radio technology used the Car-2-X Communication system to radio details of critical situations (fog, black ice, other obstacles) detected by their on-board sensors to following cars.

These early warnings enabled the drivers of the cars behind to prepare for the danger and adapt their speed in plenty of time.

DaimlerChrysler had already tested this technology six years ago by sending the first ever inter-communicating vehicle fleet out onto the road as part of the FleetNet research project. This field test demonstrated that WLAN technology enabled vehicles to communicate with each other.

One of the key benefits is that expensive, fixed-installation transmitting and receiving devices are not required, since the cars themselves act as both transmitters and receivers. The cars establish an ad-hoc radio network and send any necessary warnings to all other vehicles within a radius of around 500 metres.

For vehicles outside of this radio range, the cars act as relays and pass on any warnings in much the same way as a relay runner would hand over a baton. No additional sensors are required to detect critical situations, since the necessary information is provided by the anti-lock braking system (ABS), the Electronic Stability Program (ESP®), the steering-angle sensors, the outside thermometer or the navigation system.

The DaimlerChrysler engineers incorporated the key groundwork laid during the course of the FleetNet project into the subsequent NOW (Network On Wheels) program (a German co-operation project) and the current WILLWARN project. Their aim was to use the experience gained to work together with partners from the automotive components and electronics industries in order to further develop and standardise this promising technology whilst also securing the rights to use the required frequencies.

In order for an ad hoc radio network to be of any use, enough vehicles would need to be equipped with the necessary technology. Radio beacons at the side of the road are required in order to ensure that the first vehicles to be equipped with such a system benefit immediately. These stationary radio nodes could also be used to provide traffic control centres with additional and better information.

However, direct contact with the Internet and its numerous fields of application is also possible. In addition to warning motorists of critical situations in advance, the new radio network could therefore also be used to improve the flow of traffic: communicating cars could guide their occupants away from traffic congestion or even prevent tailbacks from occurring at all.

DaimlerChrysler was one of the instigators behind the European Car2Car Communication Consortium, and is involved in the US Vehicle-Infrastructure Integration Initiative. These projects, which lay the political foundations for vehicle communication in Europe and America, aim to accelerate the process of standardisation.

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